Beti Bachao Beti Padhao – A great initiative by Modi government. Surely, girls need to be encouraged and put on equal platforms with the boys. However, should boys be discouraged in the bargain? This has been the narrative, even if, that was not the intent.
As per a recent report by Unified District Information System for Education Plus (UDISE+), more boys dropped out of school at the secondary level as well as in primary classes (1 to 5), while the number of girls dropping out of school in the upper primary classes (6-8) was higher than that of the boys in 2019-20.
The report noted that the overall dropout rate at the secondary level in the country is over 17%, while in the upper primary classes (6 to 8) and the primary level it is 1.8 and 1.5% respectively. The dropout rate for boys in primary classes was 1.7% as against the girls’ 1.2%. Similarly, the dropout rate for boys was higher in secondary classes (18.3%) than girls (16.3%). In upper primary classes, the dropout rate for boys (1.4%) was less than that for girls (2.2%), reported The Hindu.
According to the report, nearly 30% students in the country do not transit from the secondary to the senior secondary level. The report added,
With more than 15 lakh schools, nearly 97 lakh teachers and over 26.5 crore students from the pre-primary to the higher secondary level, the Indian school education system is one of the largest in the world. There are over 3.8 crore students enrolled at the secondary level, of whom 44.3% are in government schools, a little over 20% are with government-aided schools and nearly 35% are with private-unaided schools.
STATE WISE REPORT
The report revealed that there are 19 States and Union Territories where the dropout rate at the secondary level (classes 9 and 10) is higher than the all-India rate (17.3%), with States such as Tripura, Sikkim, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Madhya Pradesh, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh having a dropout rate of over 25%. There are four States that recorded a dropout rate of over 30%.
While a majority of the States from the northeastern and eastern regions have a high dropout rate, Delhi too has a dropout rate of over 20%.
Along with Punjab (which has the lowest dropout rate of 1.5%), the States and Union Territories with a less than 10% dropout rate are Chandigarh (9.5%), Kerala (8%), Manipur (9.6%), Tamil Nadu (9.6%) and Uttarakhand (9.8%).
Comparatively, these are also the States and Union Territories with the highest promotion rate at the secondary level, with Punjab, Manipur and Kerala having a promotion rate of over 90%.
According to the report, the overall dropout rate of girls is 2% less than that of the boys. There are six States and Union Territories where the dropout rate for boys is over 30%:
- Punjab registered a zero dropout rate for girls
- Assam recorded the highest dropout rate of boys (35.2%) at the secondary level
- For States such as Goa, the boys’ (21.2%) dropout rate is nearly 10% higher than that of the girls (11.8%)
The Unified District Information on School Education (UDISE), initiated in 2012-13 by the Ministry of Education by integrating the DISE for elementary education and the SEMIS for secondary education, is one of the largest management information systems on school education, covering more than 15 lakh schools, 85 lakh teachers and 25 crore children.
The UDISE+ is an updated and improved version of the UDISE.
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